Prostate Cancer

Research indicates prostate cancer risk/progression increases with:

Treating Advanced Prostate Cancer with Diet Part 1

Research indicates prostate cancer risk/progression decreases with:



E. L. Richman, S. A. Kenfield, M. J. Stampfer, E. L. Giovannucci, J. M. Chan. Egg, red meat, and poultry intake and risk of lethal prostate cancer in the prostate-specific antigen-era: Incidence and survival. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2011 4(12):2110 – 2121.

E. L. Richman, M. J. Stampfer, A. Paciorek, J. M. Broering, P. R. Carroll, J. M. Chan. Intakes of meat, fish, poultry, and eggs and risk of prostate cancer progression. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2010 91(3):712 – 721.

Aune D, Navarro Rosenblatt DA, Chan DS, Vieira AR, Vieira R, Greenwood DC, Vatten LJ, Norat T. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jan;101(1):87-117. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.067157. Epub 2014 Nov 19. Dairy products, calcium, and prostate cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. 

M. Johansson, B. Van Guelpen, S. E. Vollset, J. Hultdin, A. Bergh, T. Key, O. Midttun, G. Hallmans, P. M. Ueland, P. Stattin. One-carbon metabolism and prostate cancer risk: Prospective investigation of seven circulating B vitamins and metabolites. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2009 18(5):1538 – 1543.

C. Nanni, E. Zamagni, M. Cavo, D. Rubello, P. Tacchetti, C. Pettinato, M. Farsad, P. Castellucci, V. Ambrosini, G. C. Montini, A. Al-Nahhas, R. Franchi, S. Fanti. 11C-choline vs. 18F-FDG PET/CT in assessing bone involvement in patients with multiple myeloma. World J Surg Oncol 2007 5:68.

E. L. Richman, S. A. Kenfield, M. J. Stampfer, E. L. Giovannucci, S. H. Zeisel, W. C. Willett, J. M. Chan. Choline intake and risk of lethal prostate cancer: Incidence and survival. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2012 96(4):855 – 863.

E. Ackerstaff, B. R. Pflug, J. B. Nelson, Z. M. Bhujwalla. Detection of increased choline compounds with proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy subsequent to malignant transformation of human prostatic epithelial cells. Cancer Res. 2001 61(9):3599 – 3603.

Ornish D, Weidner G, Fair WR, Marlin R, Pettengill EB, Raisin CJ, Dunn-Emke S, Crutchfield L, Jacobs FN, Barnard RJ, Aronson WJ, McCormac P, McKnight DJ, Fein JD, Dnistrian AM, Weinstein J, Ngo TH, Mendell NR, Carroll PR. Intensive lifestyle changes may affect the progression of prostate cancer. J Urol. 2005 Sep;174(3):1065-9; discussion 1069-70.

Saxe GA, Hébert JR, Carmody JF, Kabat-Zinn J, Rosenzweig PH, Jarzobski D, Reed GW, Blute RD. Can diet in conjunction with stress reduction affect the rate of increase in prostate specific antigen after biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer? J Urol. 2001 Dec;166(6):2202-7.

Carter JP, Saxe GP, Newbold V, Peres CE, Campeau RJ, Bernal-Green L. Hypothesis: dietary management may improve survival from nutritionally linked cancers based on analysis of representative cases. J Am Coll Nutr. 1993 Jun;12(3):209-26. 

Sports Medicine May 2004, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 363–369. Exercise and Prostate Cancer. Dorothea C. TortiGordon O. Matheson. 

J L Kiwata, T B Dorff, E T Schroeder, M E Gross, and C M Dieli-Conwright. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2016 Dec; 19(4): 323–332. Published online 2016 Jun 28. doi: 10.1038/pcan.2016.25. A review of clinical effects associated with metabolic syndrome and exercise in prostate cancer patients.

Stephen J Freedland, MD and William J Aronson, MD.Rev Urol. 2004 Spring; 6(2): 73–81. Examining the Relationship Between Obesity and Prostate Cancer.

Rebecca E Graff, Andreas Pettersson, Rosina T Lis, Thomas U Ahearn,  Sarah C Markt,  Kathryn M Wilson, Jennifer R Rider, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Stephen Finn, Stacey A Kenfield, Massimo Loda, Edward L Giovannucci, Bernard Rosner, and Lorelei A Mucci. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar; 103(3): 851–860. Published online 2016 Jan 27. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.118703. PMCID: PMC4763492. Dietary lycopene intake and risk of prostate cancer defined by ERG protein expression.